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Research and Development (R&D) is the field of statistics comprising data on science, technology and innovation. This data is of great significance in the modern economy as it helps to build broad and comprehensive vision of innovation activity that is acknowledged by the most of developed and developing countries as the key driver behind the economic growth and competitiveness. That is why, policymakers try to induce innovation activity by focusing on the role of technology, information and learning in economic performance or, in other words, introducing the concept known as "knowledge-based economy". To monitor the progress of moving towards knowledge-based economy there have been introduced a lot of statistical indicators of innovation inputs, such as R&D expenditure and R&D personnel as well as indicators of innovation outputs, for example, number of patent or design applications. There are also several indices showing overall performance of the countries in the pipeline towards building innovation-driven economies, such as Knowledge Economy Index, Global Innovation Index, Innovation Union Scoreboard and Global Competitiveness Index. These and many other indicators of R&D topic are available on our site and can be easily accessed through the present page.

See also: Agriculture | Commodities | Demographics | Economics | Education | Energy | Environment | Exchange Rates | Food Security | Foreign Trade | Healthcare | Land Use | Poverty | Research and Development | Telecommunication | Tourism | Transportation | Water | World Rankings

رؤى ذات صلة من Knoema

R&D Spending Trends Analysis, 2013

After two consecutive years of 9%+ growth, global R&D spending returned to the long-term growth trend and grew at 5.8% in 2013 to the highest total ever, $638 billion The top three industries by R&D spending continue to be Computing & Electronics, Health, and Auto The Software & Internet, Health, and Auto sectors accounted for 74% of the overall growth in spending; Chemicals & Energy decreased its R&D expenditures Spending in North America grew at an above average rate of 8.6% while Europe grew at a below average rate of 4.5%; Japan reduced its R&D...

Research & Development Statistics in OECD Countries

Research and Development is an activity aimed on the acquisition of new knowledge and its practical application in the process of creation of new products or technologies. R&D includes wide set of activities starting from advancing of theoretical hypothesis to development of new products. Since nowadays in business the major part of added value is shifting from the production phase to the development phase, the role of R&D is growing. Besides, the competititon at the market is rapidly increasing, R&D activity can become the competitive advantage for high-tech business....

Innovation Union Scoreboard

Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) Index assesses 27 European countries on how do they perform in innovation sphere and its subdivisions. By monitoring innovation progress across the EU27 member countries, as well as Iceland, Croatia, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia IUS attempts to build strong base to policy discussions and decisions at EU and national level. Measurement framework of IUS embraces in total 25 indicators serving as proxies for 8 innovation dimensions grouped into 3 pillars. Enablers pillar captures the main factors of...

Technology Demands Financing

Every additional 10 million dollars (PPP) spent on research and development result in 2 patent applications per annum in average. The implication is based on the statistics on gross domestic R&D expenditures and number of patent applications to the EPO (European Patent Office) among European countries. Strong positive correlation between these two indicators shows that the more you spend on research and development the more considerable result you get. Thus, Germany, France, UK and Italy are leading countries both by R&D spending and number of patent applications. Moreover,...

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