Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, refers to the farming of aquatic (freshwater or saltwater) organisms, such as fish, molluscs, crustaceans and plants, for human use or consumption, under controlled conditions. Aquaculture implies some form of intervention in the natural rearing process to enhance production, including regular stocking, feeding and protection from predators. Farming also implies individual or corporate ownership of, or contractual rights to, the stock being cultivated. European data on the quantity of aquaculture production, in tonnes life weight (TLW), have been recorded since 1950 [fish_aq_q]. Since 1984, data on the total value of the production in Thousand Euro are also available [fish_aq_v]. With the entry into force of the new Regulation (EC) No 762/2008 on the submission of aquaculture statistics, since the reference year 2008 aquaculture production data are collected and disseminated annually in 5 tables:
Production from aquaculture excluding hatcheries and nurseries [fish_aq2a] by species, by FAO major area, by production method, by aquatic environment in TLW (tonnes live weight) and in Euro.Production of fish eggs for human consumption from aquaculture [fish_aq2b] by species, by FAO major area, by aquatic environment in TLW, Euro and Euro/Tonne.Input to capture-based aquaculture [fish_aq3] by species in Number, TLW, Euro and Euro/Tonne.Production of hatcheries and nurseries at eggs stage in life cycle [fish_aq4a] by species and intended uses in Millions.Production of hatcheries and nurseries at juveniles stage in life cycle [fish_aq4b] by species and intended uses in Millions. Every three years, these data are complemented by
Data on the structure of the aquaculture sector [fish_aq5] by species, by FAO major area, by production method, by aquatic environment in Meters, 1000 of M3 and Hectares. In addition, annual methodological reports of the national systems for aquaculture statistics [fish_aq6] are provided by the EEA Member States with details on the organisation of the national systems for aquacuture statistics and the respective methods of collecting, processing and compiling the aquaculture data as well as quality aspects in line with the 'Code of Practice for the European Statistical System'. According to the Regulation (EC) No 762/2008, aquaculture production means the output from aquaculture at first sale (including production from hatcheries and nurseries offered for sale). Non-commercial leisure aquaculture is thus not accounted for. Moreover, aquaculture production of aquarium and ornamental species is excluded. Data are submitted by all Member States of the European Economic Area by the 31st of December for the preceeding year (reporting year -1). They are compiled by the respective competent authorities of the Member States, usually either the National Statistical Institute or the Ministry of Agriculture.
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