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Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental Organization, created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. The five Founding Members were later joined by nine other Members: Qatar (1961); Indonesia (1962) – suspended its membership from January 2009-December 2015; Libya (1962); United Arab Emirates (1967); Algeria (1969); Nigeria (1971); Ecuador (1973) – suspended its membership from December 1992-October 2007; Angola (2007) and Gabon (1975–1994). OPEC had its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland, in the first five years of its existence. This was moved to Vienna, Austria, on September 1, 1965. OPEC's objective is to co-ordinate and unify petroleum policies among Member Countries, in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers; an efficient, economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations; and a fair return on capital to those investing in the industry.

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    • كانون الأول 2018
      المصدر: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 13 كانون الأول, 2018
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      Balance=OPEC crude oil production-Difference (a-b) Global oil demand, supply, oil market balance and required amounts of OPEC crude.   World oil Demand: World oil demand growth in 2018 was revised downward by around 20 tb/d, primarily as a result of the slower-than-expected performance by non-OECD Latin America and the Middle East during 2Q18. Hence, world oil demand growth is now pegged at 1.62 mb/d, with total global consumption at 98.82 mb/d. World Oil Supply Non-OPEC oil supply in 2018 was revised down by 0.06 mb/d from the previous MOMR to average 59.56 mb/d, mainly due to a downward adjustment in the supply forecast for Brazil, the UK, India, Malaysia and China on lower-than-expected output in 2H18, which was partially offset by an upward revision in US supply. Y-o-y growth was also revised down by 0.06 mb/d to now stand at 2.02 mb/d. The US, Brazil, Canada, Kazakhstan and the UK are expected to be the main drivers for y-o-y growth, while Mexico and Norway will show the largest declines.   World Economy Global economic growth forecasts remain robust for 2018 and 2019, at 3.8% and 3.6%, respectively. While the growth levels are unchanged from last month, a number of offsetting developments, particularly rising challenges in some emerging and developing economies, are skewing the current global economic growth risk forecast to the downside. Rising trade tensions, and the consequences of further potential monetary tightening by G4 central banks, in combination with rising global debt levels, are additional concerns
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    • آب 2018
      المصدر: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 19 كانون الأول, 2018
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      The date has been considered the highest number although it has a range which are as. 2014- 2020 for 2020, 2020-2030 for 2030, 2030-2040 for 2040
    • آب 2018
      المصدر: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 16 تشرين الثاني, 2018
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      1. Stock change assumptions reflect the development of Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) in some non-OECD countries, and the rising need for stocks as refinery capacity expands. These rates of rise in stocks will eventually slow, as growth in SPR slows as does refinery expansion. The medium-term pattern eventually reverts, in the long-term, to historical average behavior. 2. For Indicators, like Long term real GP growth rates the date has been considered the highest number although it has a range which are as. 2014- 2020 for 2020, 2020-2030 for 2030, 2030-2040 for 2040
    • حزيران 2019
      المصدر: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 13 حزيران, 2019
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      The OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin (ASB) provides detailed and comprehensive time-series data on many different aspects of the global petroleum industry, including production, demand, imports and exports, as well as exploration and transportation activities. The publication contains key statistical data on oil and natural gas activities in each of OPEC's 14 Member Countries: Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela. Additionally, it provides valuable industry data for various countries with detailed classifications, mainly by geographical region, and covers the major economic areas around the world. This year’s 2018 ASB, which comprises data up to the end of 2017, includes the following important highlights: Total world crude oil production increased sharply in 2018 by 1.213 million barrels/day (m b/d), or 1.6 per cent, as compared to 2017, to reach 75.78m b/d, marking a historical high and the highest annual growth since 2015. OPEC crude oil production declined year-on-year by 415,000 b/d, or 1.3 per cent, while crude production by non-OPEC countries grew by 1.628m b/d, or 3.8 per cent. The largest volumetric gains were for the United States with 1.610m b/d, or 17.2 per cent, Saudi Arabia with 358,000 b/d or 3.6 per cent and Russia with 178,000 b/d or 1.7 per cent In 2018, the top three crude oil producing countries were the United States (10.96m b/d), Russia (10.53m b/d) and Saudi Arabia (10.32m b/d). With an average of 98.73m b/d in 2018, world oil demand grew by 1.5 per cent y-o-y, with the largest increases recorded for Asia and Pacific region (particularly China and India) and North America. Oil demand in Africa and the Middle East fell in 2018 by around 23,000 b/d, as compared to 2017, while Latin America posted an increase following consecutive declines during the previous three years. OECD oil demand grew solidly for the fourth consecutive year in 2018, while oil demand in OPEC Member Countries declined slightly after increasing during 2017. Distillates and gasoline accounted for around 55.0 per cent of 2018 world oil demand with an upward trend. Residual fuel oil requirements were about 7.2 per cent of total oil demand in 2018. OPEC Member Countries exported an average of 24.67m b/d of crude oil in 2018, a slight increase of about 14,000 b/d, or 0.1 per cent, compared to 2017. Following the trend in previous years, the bulk of crude oil from OPEC Member Countries — 15.86m b/d or 64.3 per cent — was exported to the Asia and Pacific region. Considerable volumes of crude oil — about 4.58m b/d — were also exported to Europe in 2018, which, however, represents a decline compared with 4.65m b/d recorded in 2017. North America imported 2.81m b/d of crude oil from OPEC Member Countries, which was about 406,000 b/d, or 12.6 per cent, less than the 2017 volumes. Exports of petroleum products from OPEC Member Countries averaged 4.71m b/d during 2018, up by around 784,000 b/d, or 20.0 per cent, compared to 2017. Imports of petroleum products by OPEC Member Countries stood at 2.62m b/d in 2018, roughly 593,000 b/d, or 29.3 per cent, higher than in 2017. World proven crude oil reserves stood at 1,498 billion barrels (bn b) at the end of 2018, increasing slightly by 0.4 per cent from the level of 1,492bn b recorded at the end of 2017. Proven crude oil reserves in OPEC Member Countries decreased slightly by 0.2 per cent to 1,189bn b at the end of 2018 for the second consecutive year. OPEC Member Countries’ share of total world proven crude oil reserves decreased marginally, from 79.9 per cent at the end of 2017 to 79.4 per cent at the end of 2018. At the end of 2018, world proven natural gas reserves rose by 0.7 per cent to approximately 203.2 trillion standard cubic metres (cu m). The observed increase in natural gas reserves is mainly attributed to North America, Middle East and Africa. Proven natural gas reserves in OPEC Member Countries stood at 72.68 trillion standard cu m at the end of 2018, up 0.6 per cent from the level at the end of 2017. World refinery capacity expanded by 876,000 barrels/calendar day (b/cd) to stand at 99.51m b/cd during 2018. The Asia and Pacific region, particularly China, as well as the Middle East, particularly the Islamic Republic of Iran, contributed the most in terms of refining capacity additions. Refinery capacity in the OECD declined marginally in 2018, as compared to 2017, with capacity expansions in North America being offset by closures in Europe. Globally, refinery throughput surged by 1.6 per cent to reach 84.94m b/d in 2018, with the largest gains in the Asia and Pacific region, North America, Europe and the Middle East. The OPEC Reference Basket averaged $69.78/b in nominal terms during 2018, up from $52.43/b in 2017, an increase of $17.35/b, or 33.1 per cent. The volatility level was $6.59/b, or 9.4 per cent, relative to the yearly average. In real terms, the OPEC Reference Basket stood at $45.81/b during 2018, up from $36.09/b during 2017.