حدث خطأ. التفاصيل إخفاء
لديك صفحات غير محفوظة. استعادة إلغاء

Friedrich Schneider

All datasets:  S
  • S
    • كانون الثاني 2015
      المصدر: Friedrich Schneider
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 18 تشرين الأول, 2016
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      The calculation of the size and development of the shadow economy is done with the MIMIC (Multiple Indicators and Multiple Courses) estimation procedure. Using the MIMIC estimation procedure one gets only relative values and one needs other methods like the currency demand approach or the income discrepancy method, to calibrate the MIMIC values into absolute ones. The calculated values for 2014 are projections for some countries, for 2015 they are projections for all countries, based on the forecasts of the official figures (GDP, unemployment, etc.) of these countries.