تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
تم الوصول في: 20 نيسان, 2019
تحديد مجموعة بيانات
The indicator measures how much the EU is independent from the rest of the world for several raw materials. The indicator is expressed in % and is defined as: 1-(net) Import reliance.
Import Reliance (IR) is defined in the EU Critical Raw Materials methodology as
When the EU is a net exporter i.e. IR<0, Import Reliance is set to zero. Net Import Reliance is taken as in the formula for the purpose of calculating self-sufficiency. Imports, exports and domestic production are expressed in mass unit.
Interpretation of the indicator
The indicator provides insights in the differences between materials: for certain raw materials the EU is more self-sufficient than for others. The data source allows for a disaggregation per material. Due to increasing demand for certain materials (such as silicon, copper, tellurium and indium), even if 100% were recycled, the EU would still not be self-sufficient.
The indicator should be considered in a broader context considering potential disruption of supply in the context of economically sensitive key areas. Self-sufficiency for raw materials, in combination with an analysis of the source countries for these materials, can help assessing supply risks for these materials.