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البوسنة والهرسك

  • High Representative:Valentin Inzko
  • رئيس الوزراء:Denis Zvizdić
  • العاصمة:Sarajevo
  • اللغات:Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
  • الحكومة
  • مكتب الإحصائيات القومي
  • السكان والأشخاص:3,323,929 (2018)
  • المساحة ، كم مربع:51,200
  • الناتج المحلي الإجمالي للفرد ، بالدولار الأمريكي:5,951 (2018)
  • الناتج المحلي الإجمالي ، مليار دولار أمريكي حالي:19.8 (2018)
  • مؤشر GINI:No data
  • تصنيف سهولة ممارسة الأعمال:89

CO2

All datasets:  G
  • G
    • كانون الأول 2018
      المصدر: Global Carbon Atlas
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 29 آذار, 2019
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      Data cited at: Global Carbon Atlas - http://www.globalcarbonatlas.org/en/CO2-emissions The Global Carbon Project facilitates access to data to encourage its use and promote a good understanding of the carbon cycle. Respecting original data sources is key to help secure the support of data providers to enhance, maintain and update valuable data.  FOSSIL FUEL EMISSIONS CDIAC: Boden, TA, Andres RJ, and Marland, G 2017. Global, Regional, and National Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC), Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., USA DOI:10.3334/CDIAC/00001_V2017. Available at: http://cdiac.ess-dive.lbl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html  UNFCCC, 2018. National Inventory Submissions 2018. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Available at: http://unfccc.int/process/transparency-and-reporting/reporting-and-review-under-the-convention/greenhouse-gas-inventories-annex-i-parties/national-inventory-submissions-2018, accessed June 2018.  BP, 2018. Statistical Review of World Energy. Available at: http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics.html 
    • تشرين الثاني 2018
      المصدر: Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 14 شباط, 2019
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      Direct greenhouse gases: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC-23, 32, 125, 134a, 143a, 152a, 227ea, 236fa, 245fa, 365mfc, 43-10-mee), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs: CF4, C2F6, C3F8, c-C4F8, C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16), Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) and Sulfuryl Fluoride (SO2F2). Emissions are calculated by individual countries using country-specific information. The countries are organized in different world regions for illustration purposes. Emissions of some small countries are presented together with other countries depending on country definition and availability of activity statistics. Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.
    • تشرين الأول 2017
      المصدر: Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research
      تم التحميل بواسطة: Knoema
      تم الوصول في: 10 كانون الثاني, 2018
      تحديد مجموعة بيانات
      Emissions are calculated for the following substances: 1) Direct greenhouse gases: Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC-23, 32, 125, 134a, 143a, 152a, 227ea, 236fa, 245fa, 365mfc, 43-10-mee), Perfluorocarbons (PFCs: CF4, C2F6, C3F8, c-C4F8, C4F10, C5F12, C6F14, C7F16), Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) and Sulfuryl Fluoride (SO2F2); 2) Ozone precursor gases: Carbon Monoxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds (NMVOC) and Methane (CH4). 3) Acidifying gases: Ammonia (NH3), Nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO2). 4) Primary particulates: Fine Particulate Matter (PM10) - Carbonaceous speciation (BC , OC) is under progress. 5) Stratospheric Ozone Depleting Substances: Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, 12, 113, 114, 115), Halons (1211, 1301, 2402), Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC-22, 124, 141b, 142b), Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4), Methyl Bromide (CH3Br) and Methyl Chloroform (CH3CCl2). Emissions (EM) for a country C are calculated for each compound x on an annual basis (y) and sector wise (for i sectors, multiplying on the one hand the country-specific activity data (AD), quantifying the human activity for each of the i sectors, with the mix of j technologies (TECH) for each sector i, and with their abatement percentage by one of the k end-of-pipe (EOP) measures for each technology j, and on the other hand the country-specific emission factor (EF) for each sector i and technology j with relative reduction (RED) of the uncontrolled emission by installed abatement measure k. Emissions in are calculated by individual countries using country-specific information. The countries are organized in different world regions for illustration purposes. Emissions of some small countries are presented together with other countries depending on country definition and availability of activity statistics.

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