حدث خطأ. التفاصيل إخفاء
لديك صفحات غير محفوظة. استعادة إلغاء

Last year the government of China formally adopted the One Belt One Road Initiative to improve the transport and trading links between China and Eurasian and African countries. A modern day version of the Silk Road network of trade routes between East and West circa 207 BCE, One Belt One Road (aka Belt and Road Initiative or just BRI) will be the largest investment initiative in history. BRI will span more than 68 countries and including an estimated $8 trillion of investment in transportation networks, energy production, and telecommunications infrastructure.

The majority of the investment will be financed by Chinese-issued debt. Given the diverse composition of countries, the effects of new debt-financed infrastructure investment will vary. Participating countries range from rich Qatar to poor Afghanistan, high population India to small Timor-Leste, debt-dependent Lebanon to debt-free Brunei, growing Ethiopia to stagnating Yemen, and export-oriented Singapore to mostly import-oriented Bhutan.

  • Large and growing countries for which the value of expected investment is insignificant compared to the economy's size and growth rate—making these countries better able to cope with the additional debt service—stand to benefit the most. Such countries include India, Indonesia, Russia, Singapore, and South Korea.
  • Analysis by the Center for Global Development indicates that none of 68 economies will face systemic debt problems as a result of the BRI. According to the Center, among those countries for which debt sustainability concerns may arise are: Montenegro, Jordan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Djibouti, and Armenia.

إحصاءات البيانات ذات الصلة

China: Global Investment Overview, 2017

China’s devaluation of its national currency in early August should make foreign markets even more enticing to Chinese investors. Total Chinese foreign investment and construction contracts since 2005 already exceed $1.65 trillion, with new investment in 2016 on pace to top $170 billion. The question becomes: where will Chinese investors take their money next? Increased industry-based diversity could soon overtake a previous geographic diversity for Chinese investments abroad. As energy industry investment began to weaken last year under poor prior investment results and challenging global market conditions, Chinese investors easily shifted...

Fertility Rates

China Announcing the End to the One-Child Policy

Now, after more than three decades, the Chinese government is ending its controversial one-child policy. Originally implemented in 1980 to curb its rapid population growth, China’s one-child policy has witnessed a fertility rate decline from 2.7 births per woman in 1981 to 1.6 births in 2015. Those who backed the one-child policy claimed it led to 300 million fewer births and lifted 200-400 million people out of poverty. Yet, the one-child policy has taken a toll, with more than 336 million abortions and 222 million sterilizations having since taken place. Gender imbalance in China, with 115.9 boys born to every 100 girls in 2014, has led...

China Population 2016-2050

What is the population of China? The exact answer to this question can be given only on the basis of census data. Population census in China is conducted each 10 years, so the latest one (the sixth) was held in the year 2010. According to it the population in China was 1.34 billion. To get an idea of how many people live in China today, one must rely on estimates. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs provides one such estimate, pursuant to which the population of China in 2015 was 1.376 billion, a total population increase of 2.7 percent from 2010 or an average annual population growth rate of 0.5 percent. Though...