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The economic divide among countries worldwide carries over into patterns of land purchases and sales. The United States and large economies and trading markets of Asia and the Middle East represent at least 30 percent of global land purchases since 2000, according to the LandMatrix, an independent land monitoring initiative. In contrast, the largest sellers of land globally include Russia—also among the top buyers—as well as developing countries of Southeast Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

  • Since 2000, the United States has been the most active country in the world in land trade, purchasing roughly 4 million hectares of land worldwide, which is equivalent to the land area of Switzerland.
  • Malaysia ranks a close second, accounting for 3.9 million hectares of land purchases during the same period, followed by Russia, China, and Singapore to round out the top 5.
  • The largest amount of land sold belongs to Russia (6.3 million hectares), followed by Papua New Guinea (4 million hectares) and Brazil (3.8 million hectares).  Indonesia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Ukraine each closely follow Brazil in total land area sold.

LandMatrix seeks data on land transactions to improve transparency and accountability in the transfer of land rights. The initiative focuses in particular on land for agricultural production, timber extraction, carbon trading, industry, renewable energy production, conservation, and tourism in low- and middle-income countries. Since 2000, growing of wood and fiber was the leading reason for land purchases, followed by the purchase of land for growing food crops and for access to biofuels.

 

Disclaimer from the LandMatrix: The data should not be taken as a reliable representation of reality. Reality is fast-changing as deals are changed, annulled, or new ones spring up. Many deals are not yet included in the database. As an open tool, the Observatory allows wide participation in constantly upgrading, correcting and improving the information it contains. Over time, with your help, it will become more accurate. 

 

إحصاءات البيانات ذات الصلة

Temporary Crops

Temporary crops is all land used for crops with a less than one-year growing cycle and which must be newly sown or planted for further production after the harvest. Countries with the biggest square of temporary crops are Russia, Australia, Argentina, Ukraine, and Sudan. These countries have more than 50 percent of total temporary crops. Source: Resource Statistics - Land

29th Session of the Latin American and Caribbean Forestry Commission

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) will convene this meeting in order to bring together forestry experts and decision-makers from the region. The meeting is one of six region-specific meetings held every two years in support of the FAO Regional Forestry Commissions. Event holder: Food and Agriculture Organization

Haiti - Land Use

Source: FAO Resource Statistics - Land, May 2015

Permanent Meadows and Pastures

Source: Resource Statistics - Land - July 2013