The oil price has fallen by more than 30% since Summer 2014. This affected everyone from producers to consumers. The visualization represents Oil Price Dynamics, Breakeven Oil Price which shows oil prices needed to meet general government expenditure and Marginal Cost of Oil Production which shows the change in total cost of producing one additional barrel of oil.
World oil price at $55-$60 / barrel exceeds the cost of Russian Arctic oil production, Europe and Brazil biofuels production, shale and tight oil production in US and Canada and offshore oil extraction in Brazil.
State budgets of oil-producing countries will suffer from oil price decrease if the market price falls below breakeven price. In Dec. 2014 world oil prices fell lower than necessary for almost all oil exporters in order to balance their government expenditures.
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Brent crude oil price will average at $52.4 per barrel in 2017 and increase to $54.1 per barrel in 2018 according to the most recent forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook released monthly. EIA revised up its forecast for 2018 by 2.5 dollars per barrel from the previous release. However, the real price of a barrel of Brent oil - i.e. price adjusted for inflation - will slightly decrease to $50 in 2018 as predicted by OECD in its June's Economic Outlook. After a modest growth in 2018 though, the nominal price of Brent crude will increase to $53.5 a barrel by 2020, as per IMF's Primary Commodity...
Slump of oil prices does not slow oil production immediately as it does with investment according to historical evidence. On the contrary, it affects future production through decreased investment in exploration and development of new fields. However, in the current conditions when oil price hovered above break-even price (price at which it becomes worthwhile to extract) for several years the response of production to price decrease may come more quickly. Especially, it concerns countries which experience high operating costs of oil production, namely United Kingdom, Brazil, Canada, Australia. In these countries oil price slump will affect...
Source: OPEC Annual Statistical Bulletin, 2015