حدث خطأ. التفاصيل إخفاء
لديك صفحات غير محفوظة. استعادة إلغاء

The Syrian Civil War is the largest ongoing military conflict in the world, already claiming a total of at least 167,000 lives* since civil unrest first erupted in March 2011 on the heels of the Arab Spring. Human life is one measure of a wars devastation. Today, we examine the devastation of war from an economic perspective: international trade.  The disruption in Syrian trade has already lowered its ranking globally from the 88th largest exporter in 2011 to the 141st in 2015.

  • Syria experienced the world's second largest loss of total foreign trade from 2011 to 2015, with exports decreasing by 88 percent and imports by 72 percent. Greater trade losses were experienced only by Aruba, a highly import-dependent island that is economically oriented to tourism and hospitality and financial and business services.
  • The decrease of foreign trade has affected virtually all commodities. There were some minor exceptions. Syrian exports of motor vehicles, fuel wood, and flat-rolled products of alloy steel grew from 2011 to 2015, however, combined these goods constituted less than 0.05 percent of the country's total exports in 2010.
  • The hit to foreign trade was indiscriminate by trade partner as well. Syrian exports to 40 of its trading partners decreased by almost 100 percent (99% or more).

Humanitarian aid has partially offset some of Syria’s loss in merchandise imports. Amounting to roughly $4.5 billion in 2015, aid was almost equal to Syria's total merchandise imports that same year. These numbers should be used and considered with due caution given reporting lapses and losses that go hand-in-hand with a country in civil war.

  • Trade data is not immune to reporting discrepancies, particularly when relying on one country’s exports (say exports of Russia) to estimate another country’s imports (say imports by Syria), or what is known as “mirror partner” trade statistics. According to official data from the United Nations Statistics, since 2011, Syria’s trade in the very fuel of conflict, namely arms and ammunition, has collapsed with Russia—its primary trading partner for these goods.

Learn more about Syria’s trade profile and arms and ammunition trade below in today’s Viz of the Day.

 

* The death toll from the Syrian Civil War varies widely among sources. Visit these sources to learn more: Uppsala Conflict Data Program, and the Syrian Revolution Martyr Database.

إحصاءات البيانات ذات الصلة

United States Used Passenger Vehicle Trade

World Exporters and Importers Ranking

Over the last thirty years the ranking of world exporters has significantly changed. Until 2000 the leading positions had been occupied by Germany and the United States. In 2010 China outpaced them, and till now China has taken the first place with a significant advantage, whereas Germany and the United States take the second and the third places accordingly. As regards the import, till 2014 the United States has taken the first position in the amount of imported goods. Germany also imports a great amount of goods that allows it to take the leading position. By 2005 China had also increased the value of imports, and since 2010 has taken the...

World Merchandise Exports and Imports

In 2014, China kept its position as the world’s largest exporter of goods for the sixth consecutive year. China's share of world exports has exceeded 12.3% - is a new record in history. United States, being the second largest merchandise exporter in terms of gross value, is the largest importer also. Net imports of goods in the US is the largest in the world in nominal terms. In 2014 net imports of goods in US was $787 bln, $610 bln more than the second-largest world’s merchandise net importer – United Kingdom. The third world’s country by the amount of net imports is India (143 billion dollars as of 2014). Japan, which was on the top of...

Enabling Trade Index

Source: The Global Enabling Trade ReportEconomyCrimeDemographicsGDP, current prices USDHomicide RateTotal Population ForecastGDP, PPP current intern. $HomicidesPopulation Growth Rate ForecastGDP per capita, current prices USDPercentage of homicides by firearmPopulation Density ForecastGDP per capita, PPP current intern. $Number of homicides by firearmMedian Age of the Population ForecastForeign Direct InvestmentHomicide by firearm rate Total populationTotal External Debt, USDAssault, ratePopulation Growth RateShare of AgricultureKidnapping, ratePopulation DensityShare of ManufacturingRobbery, rateMedian Age of PopulationShare of...