A recent tweet by US President Donald Trump referred to the contribution of terrorism to increasing crime in the UK as a red flag for the US, triggering an official response from the UK government and public scrutiny of the US president’s assertion. As always at Knoema, we turn to the data.
The official report by the UK's Office for National Statistics (ONS) confirms that reported crime, including fraud, has increased by 13 percent since last year, yet this is neither the only or necessarily the best measure of crime given underreporting of crime to police. The Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW), conducted by Kantar Public on behalf of the ONS, is an alternate measure that the UK government uses to track crime. While ONS data from police reports and the CSEW survey provide a more comprehensive picture than any single source, ONS notes that official statistics cannot provide an estimate of all crime in any country and can only be used to uncover long-term and emerging trends in crime.
The ONS also points out that a genuine increase in crime was not the only reason that police recorded crime began to increase. Improvements in crime recording and more victims reporting crime were also significant factors behind the increase.
Over the past two decades, the United States has seen a significant decrease in crime. Between 1991 and 2013 crime rate fell from 1,311 to 689 offenses per 100,000 population. In absolute terms, a number of crimes reduced by 8.5 million during the reference period from 28.3 million in 1991 to 19.8 million in 2013. The estimated number of violent crimes in the nation decreased 0.2 percent in 2014 when compared with 2013 data, according to FBI figures. Property crimes decreased by 4.3 percent, marking the 12th straight year the collective estimates for these offenses declined. The 2014 statistics show the estimated rate of violent crime was...