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Over the last thirty years, the ranking of world exporters has significantly changed. Until 2000 the leading positions had been occupied by Germany and the United States. In 2010 China outpaced them, and till now China has taken the first place with a significant advantage, whereas the United States and Germany take the second and the third places accordingly. As regards the import, till 2016 the United States has taken the first position in the number of imported goods. Germany also imports a lot of goods that allows it to take the leading position. By 2005 China had also increased the value of imports, and since 2010 has taken the second place in the rating of imports. 

Exports Ranking shows the countries that take leading positions in the export of goods provided that the cost of transportation on board of airlines or cargoship is paid by the seller, that is called 'Freight on Board' or 'Free on Board"'(FOB).
Imports  Ranking demonstrates the value of transported goods subject to the seller arranges for the carriage of goods to a place of destination, for this, there is a term 'Cost, Insurance and Freight'(CIF).  

 

Access Data: IMF Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

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